Member, Maternal & Child Health Research Institute (MCHRI)
Doctor of Philosophy, Peking University (2018)
Doctor of Philosophy, Georgia Institute of Technology (2018)
Designing scaffolds capable of inducing and guiding appropriate immune responses holds promise for tissue repair/regeneration. Biofunctional scaffolds were here prepared by immobilizing mesenchymal stromal exosomes onto fibrous polyester materials and allowed cell-mediated delivery of membrane-bound vesicles. Quantitative cell-level analyses revealed that immune cells dominated the uptake of exosomes from scaffolds in vivo, with materials and exosomes acting as the recruiter and trainer for immune cells, respectively, to synergistically promote beneficial macrophage and regulatory T cell responses in skin wounds in mice. Adaptive T helper cell responses were found active in remote immune organs, and exosome-laden scaffolds facilitated tissue repair in large skin injury models. This study demonstrated important mechanisms involved in local and systemic immune responses to biological implants, and understanding tissue-reparative immunomodulation may guide the design of new biofunctional scaffolds.
View details for DOI 10.1126/sciadv.abf7207
View details for PubMedID 33980490
Understanding the fundamental cell-material interactions is essential to designing functional materials for biomedical applications. Although mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are known to secrete cytokines and exosomes that are effective to treat degenerative diseases, the inherent property of biomaterials to modulate the therapeutic function of MSCs remains to be investigated. Here, a multivalent cell-membrane adhesive conjugate was generated through polyamindoamine (PAMAM) and an oligopeptide, IKVAV, and the conjugate was further complexed with hyaluronic acid (HA). The adhesive particulates were used to coat the surface of adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (Ad-MSCs) and studied in the MSC spheroid culture. The analysis showed that the adhesive complexes formed via PAMAM conjugates and HA significantly promoted the proliferation and the gene expression of pro-angiogenesis cytokines in MSCs; the production of anti-inflammatory miRNAs in exosomes could also be elevated. The transplantation of the Ad-MSCs primed with PAMAM-IKVAV/HA composite particulates in a rat myocardial infarction model further demonstrated the beneficial effects of membrane-binding materials on improving the cell retention and tissue angiogenesis. The new function of membrane-binding adhesive materials potentially provides useful ways to improve cell-based therapy.
View details for DOI 10.1021/acs.biomac.8b01624
View details for Web of Science ID 000458937200042
View details for PubMedID 30616345
While the studies on the material interaction with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been mainly focused on the ability of materials to provide environment to regulate cell viability, proliferation or differentiation, the therapeutic effects of MSC-material constructs may result from the secretion of immunomodulatory and angiogenic cytokines from MSCs. Here, electrospun scaffolds composed of fibers in random, aligned and mesh-like patterns were fabricated, and the paracrine behavior of adipose-derived MSCs (Ad-MSCs) on the scaffolds were investigated in comparison to the cell culture via conventional microplates. It was found that the Ad-MSCs on the electrospun fibers produced significantly higher levels of anti-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic cytokines compared to those cultured on microplates. The enhanced modulatory effects of the secreted products of Ad-MSCs on fibrous electrospun scaffolds were also proven in the cultures of endothelial cells and the LPS-stimulated macrophages, with three types of scaffolds showing distinct influences on the paracrine function of Ad-MSCs. In a skin excisional wound-healing model in rat, the conditioned medium collected from the MSC-scaffold system accelerated the wound closure, promoted the macrophage recruitment and enhanced the polarization of macrophages toward the pro-healing phenotype in the wound bed. Our study demonstrates that the fibrous topography of scaffolds is a key material property that modulates the paracrine function of cells. The discovery elucidates a new aspect of material functions, laying the foundation for developing scaffold materials to promote tissue regeneration/repair through guiding the paracrine signaling network.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2017.06.028
View details for Web of Science ID 000406731500007
View details for PubMedID 28667901
Implantable immunoisolation membranes need to possess superior biocompatibility to prohibit the fibrotic deposition that would reduce the nutrient supply and impair the viability/function of the encapsulated cells. Here, electrospun membranes based on thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) were fabricated to contain microfibers (PU-micro) or nanofibers (PU-nano). The two types of membranes were compared in terms of their interaction with macrophage cells and the host tissues. It was found that the fibrous membranes of different topographies possess distinct material properties: PU-nano caused minimal macrophage responses in vitro and in vivo and induced only mild foreign body reactions compared to PU-micro membranes. A flat macroencapsulation device was fabricated using PU-nano membranes and its immunoisolation function investigated in subcutaneous transplantation models. The nanofibrous device demonstrated the capability to effectively shield the allografts from the immune attack of the host. Nanotopography may confer biocompatibility to materials and nanofibrous materials warrant further study for development of "invisible" immunoisolation devices for cell transplantation.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2016.06.028
View details for Web of Science ID 000380625700022
View details for PubMedID 27344368
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