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Clinical Focus

  • Nurse Practitioner

Academic Appointments

Professional Education

  • Doctor of Philosophy, Columbia University (2020)
  • Master of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health (2011)
  • Master of Science, Johns Hopkins University (2011)
  • Professional Education: Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing Registrar (2011) MD
  • Board Certification: American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, Nurse Practitioner (2011)
  • Bachelor of Science, Johns Hopkins University (2008)
  • Bachelor of Arts, University of California Berkeley (1995)

Stanford Advisors


All Publications

  • Attitudes and Perceptions About Disclosing HIV and Syphilis Results Using Smarttest, a Smartphone App Dedicated to Self- and Partner Testing. AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education Kutner, B. A., Pho, A. T., Lopez-Rios, J., Lentz, C., Dolezal, C., Balan, I. C. 2021; 33 (3): 234-248


    We explored interest in disclosing test results through a smartphone app dedicated to self- and partner testing for HIV/syphilis. Fifty-nine cisgender men and transgender women each participated in an in-person survey and interview. We examined their interests in sharing test results by audience (e.g., partners, physicians) and by positive versus negative test result. Participants wanted the ability to share results, with notable interest in disclosing negative results to sexual partners and on social media and forwarding positive results to physicians. Participants envisioned smartphone sharing as a means to normalize testing, to notify partners of results, and to expedite linkage to care. Some questioned the authenticity of results shared by smartphone, while others voiced optimism that a personalized, authenticated app could ensure the security and veracity of results. Smartphone testing apps for HIV/syphilis may facilitate disclosure, partner notification, and linkage to care, but need to address concerns about the security and veracity of results.

    View details for DOI 10.1521/aeap.2021.33.3.234

    View details for PubMedID 34014111

  • Examining Health Care Mobility of Transgender Veterans Across the Veterans Health Administration LGBT HEALTH Wang, K. H., McAvay, G., Warren, A., Miller, M. L., Pho, A., Blosnich, J. R., Brandt, C. A., Goulet, J. L. 2021; 8 (2): 143-151


    Purpose: Transgender veterans are overrepresented in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) compared with in the general population. Utilization of multiple different health care systems, or health care mobility, can affect care coordination and potentially affect outcomes, either positively or negatively. This study examines whether transgender veterans are more or less health care mobile than nontransgender veterans and compares the patterns of geographic mobility in these groups. Methods: Using an established cohort (n?=?5,414,109), we identified 2890 transgender veterans from VHA electronic health records from 2000 to 2012. We compared transgender and nontransgender veterans on sociodemographic, clinical, and health care system-level measures and conducted conditional logistic regression models of mobility. Results: Transgender veterans were more likely to be younger, White, homeless, have depressive disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and hepatitis C. Transgender veterans were more likely to have been health care mobile (9.9%) than nontransgender veterans (5.2%) (unadjusted odds ratio?=?2.02, 95% confidence interval?=?1.73-2.36). In a multivariable model, transgender status, being separated/divorced, receiving care in less-complex facilities, and diagnoses of depression, PTSD, or hepatitis C were associated with more mobility, whereas older age was associated with less mobility. For the top three health care systems utilized, a larger proportion of transgender veterans visited a second health care system in a different state (56.2%) than nontransgender veterans (37.5%). Conclusions: Transgender veterans were more likely to be health care mobile and more likely to travel out of state for health care services. They were also more likely to have complex chronic health conditions that require multidisciplinary care.

    View details for DOI 10.1089/lgbt.2020.0152

    View details for Web of Science ID 000614582100001

    View details for PubMedID 33512276

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC8098769

  • Sexual Identity and Racial/Ethnic Differences in Awareness of Heart Attack and Stroke Symptoms: Findings From the National Health Interview Survey AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH PROMOTION Caceres, B. A., Turchioe, M., Pho, A., Koleck, T. A., Creber, R., Bakken, S. B. 2020: 57-67


    Investigate sexual identity and racial/ethnic differences in awareness of heart attack and stroke symptoms.Cross-sectional.2014 and 2017 National Health Interview Survey.54 326 participants.Exposure measures were sexual identity (heterosexual, gay/lesbian, bisexual, "something else") and race/ethnicity. Awareness of heart attack and stroke symptoms was assessed.Sex-stratified logistic regression analyses to examine sexual identity and racial/ethnic differences in awareness of heart attack and stroke symptoms.Gay men were more likely than heterosexual men to identify calling 911 as the correct action if someone is having a heart attack (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.18-3.96). The majority of racial/ethnic minority heterosexuals reported lower rates of awareness of heart attack and stroke symptoms than White heterosexuals. Hispanic sexual minority women had lower awareness of heart attack symptoms than White heterosexual women (AOR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.25-0.74), whereas Asian sexual minority women reported lower awareness of stroke symptoms (AOR = 0.25, 95% CI: 0.08-0.80). Hispanic (AOR = 0.52, 95% CI: 0.33-0.84) and Asian (AOR = 0.35, 95% CI: 0.14-0.84) sexual minority men reported lower awareness of stroke symptoms than White heterosexual men.Hispanic and Asian sexual minorities had lower rates of awareness of heart attack and stroke symptoms. Health information technology may be a platform for delivering health education and targeted health promotion for sexual minorities of color.

    View details for DOI 10.1177/0890117120932471

    View details for Web of Science ID 000542284100001

    View details for PubMedID 32551829

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7948248

  • Citizen science to further precision medicine: from vision to implementation JAMIA OPEN Petersen, C., Austin, R. R., Backonja, U., Campos, H., Chung, A. E., Hekler, E. B., Hsueh, P. S., Kim, K. K., Pho, A., Salmi, L., Solomonides, A., Valdez, R. S. 2020; 3 (1): 2-8


    The active involvement of citizen scientists in setting research agendas, partnering with academic investigators to conduct research, analyzing and disseminating results, and implementing learnings from research can improve both processes and outcomes. Adopting a citizen science approach to the practice of precision medicine in clinical care and research will require healthcare providers, researchers, and institutions to address a number of technical, organizational, and citizen scientist collaboration issues. Some changes can be made with relative ease, while others will necessitate cultural shifts, redistribution of power, recommitment to shared goals, and improved communication. This perspective, based on a workshop held at the 2018 AMIA Annual Symposium, identifies current barriers and needed changes to facilitate broad adoption of a citizen science-based approach in healthcare.

    View details for DOI 10.1093/jamiaopen/ooz060

    View details for Web of Science ID 000645420300002

    View details for PubMedID 32607481

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7309265

  • Nursing Strategies for Promoting and Maintaining Function among Community-Living Older Adults: The CAPABLE Intervention GERIATRIC NURSING Pho, A. T., Tanner, E. K., Roth, J., Greeley, M. E., Dorsey, C. D., Szanton, S. L. 2012; 33 (6): 439-445


    Although many programs aim to help older adults age in place, few target both the home environment and individual physical function. We present an interprofessional intervention called CAPABLE-Community Aging in Place: Advancing Better Living for Elders. CAPABLE's innovative approach incorporates a nurse, occupational therapist (OT), and handyman to address both individual and environmental factors that contribute to disability. The nurse component of CAPABLE addresses key barriers to functional independence such as pain, depression, strength and balance, medication management, and poor communication with the primary care provider. This article focuses primarily on the nursing aspect of the intervention and how it interrelates with the content and processes of the OT and handyman.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2012.04.002

    View details for Web of Science ID 000313222500003

    View details for PubMedID 22651978

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3473152

  • Nursing children after a disaster: A qualitative study of nurse volunteers and children after the Haiti earthquake JOURNAL FOR SPECIALISTS IN PEDIATRIC NURSING Sloand, E., Ho, G., Klimmek, R., Pho, A., Kub, J. 2012; 17 (3): 242-253


    The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of nurse volunteers caring for children after the Haiti earthquake in January 2010.This descriptive qualitative study using in-depth interviews focuses on the experiences of 10 nurse volunteers.Four themes emerged: hope amid devastation, professional compromises, universality of children, and emotional impact on nurses.Nurses who volunteer after natural disasters have rich personal and professional experiences, including extremes of sadness and joy. Nurse volunteers will likely need to care for children. Nurses and humanitarian agencies should prepare for the unique challenges of pediatric care.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1744-6155.2012.00338.x

    View details for Web of Science ID 000305687300006

    View details for PubMedID 22734877

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