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Bio

Clinical Focus


  • Pediatric Surgery

Academic Appointments


Professional Education


  • Residency: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center General Surgery Residency (2004) MA
  • Medical Education: Washington University School Of Medicine Registrar (1997) MO
  • Fellowship: Indiana University Riley Hospital for Children GME Verification (2006) IN
  • Board Certification: American Board of Surgery, Pediatric Surgery (2008)
  • Board Certification: American Board of Surgery, General Surgery (2005)

Teaching

2020-21 Courses


Publications

All Publications


  • Epidemiology of pediatric trauma during the COVID-19 pandemic shelter in place. Surgery open science Bessoff, K. E., Han, R. W., Cho, M., Stroud, M., Urrechaga, E. M., Thorson, C. M., Russell, K. W., Rohan, A., Acker, S. N., Swain, S., Malvezzi, L., Fuchs, J. R., Chao, S. D. 2021; 6: 5-9

    Abstract

    Introduction: The first COVID-19 cases occurred in the US in January of 2020, leading to the implementation of shelter in place. This study seeks to define the impact of shelter in place on the epidemiology of pediatric trauma.Methods: We examined pediatric trauma admissions at 5 Level 1 and 1 Level 2 US pediatric trauma centers between January 1 and June 30, 2017-2020. Demographic and injury data were compared between pre- and post-shelter in place patient cohorts.Results: A total of 8772 pediatric trauma activations were reviewed. There was a 13% decrease in trauma volume in 2020, with a nadir at 16?days following implementation of shelter in place. Injury severity scores were higher in the post-shelter in place cohort. The incidence of nonmotorized vehicle accidents and gunshot wounds increased in the post-shelter in place cohort.Conclusion: We found an overall decrease in pediatric trauma volume following shelter in place. However, injuries tended to be more severe. Our findings help inform targeted injury prevention campaigns during future pandemics.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.sopen.2021.06.001

    View details for PubMedID 34308327

  • Serial Reduction of an Extremely Large Gastroschisis using Vacuum-Assisted Closure. European journal of pediatric surgery reports Butler, M. W., Fuchs, J., Bruzoni, M. 2018; 6 (1): e97?e99

    Abstract

    We herein describe a case of serial reduction of an extremely large and complex gastroschisis using vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) therapy in a boy born at 35 5/7 weeks' gestation. A spring-loaded silicone silo was placed at birth. By day of life (DOL) 22, minimal visceral contents had been reduced, and the silo was difficult to maintain due to the size of the fascial defect and loss of abdominal domain. A bespoke VAC dressing was constructed, and biweekly dressing changes allowed gradual reduction of the gastroschisis until the viscera were consolidated. By DOL 50, the viscera were completely reduced, and VAC therapy was discontinued. Feeds were commenced on DOL 57 and increased to goal by DOL 86. The baby was discharged home on DOL 115. We conclude that VAC dressings can be used to aid gradual reduction of an extremely large gastroschisis, particularly in medical fragile infants.

    View details for PubMedID 30591853

  • A COMPARISON OF ACCIDENTAL AND NONACCIDENTAL TRAUMA: IT IS WORSE THAN YOU THINK JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE Estroff, J. M., Foglia, R. P., Fuchs, J. R. 2015; 48 (3): 274-279

    Abstract

    Child abuse, or nonaccidental trauma (NAT), is a major cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality, and is often unrecognized. Our hypothesis was that injuries due to accidental trauma (AT) and NAT are significantly different in incidence, injury, severity, and outcome, and are often unrecognized.Our aim was to carry out an examination of the differences between pediatric injuries due to AT and NAT regarding incidence, demographics, injury severity, and outcomes.A 4-year retrospective review of the Trauma Registry at Children's Medical Center Dallas, a large Level I pediatric trauma center, comparing incidence, age, race, trauma activation, intensive care unit (ICU) need, Injury Severity Score (ISS), and mortality between AT and NAT patients was carried out.There were 5948 admissions, 92.5% were AT and 7.5% were NAT victims. The NAT patients were younger (1.8 3.3 years vs. 6.8 4.2 years for AT patients; p < 0.01), more often required an ICU stay (NAT 36.5% vs. 13.8% for AT patients; p < 0.0001), and had a higher ISS 14.0 9.7 vs. 7.5 7.2; p < 0.0001). The mortality rate in NAT was 8.9% vs. 1.4% for AT (p < 0.001). Of the 40 NAT patients who ultimately died, 17.5% were not initially diagnosed as NAT.NAT victims differ significantly from the AT patients, with a greater severity of injury and a 6-fold higher mortality rate. Delayed recognition of NAT occurred in almost 20% of the cases. It is generally accepted that NAT is underestimated. Its increased mortality rate and severity of injury are also not well recognized compared to the typical pediatric trauma child.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jemermed.2014.07.030

    View details for Web of Science ID 000350581300007

    View details for PubMedID 25278136

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